Profitable Crops to Grow in Kenya in 2023: A Guide for Farmers

Kenya’s agricultural sector is the backbone of the country’s economy, contributing to about 34% of the GDP and employing over 70% of the population. As we enter 2023, it’s important for farmers in Kenya to identify crops that will provide maximum profits for their farms. This guide will highlight some of the most profitable crops to grow in Kenya in 2023.


Avocado farming has become increasingly popular in Kenya due to the high demand for the fruit in both the local and international markets. Avocado exports have been growing steadily over the years, with a 10% increase in the first quarter of 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. The crop is easy to grow, requires minimal maintenance, and can be grown in various regions of the country. The most popular avocado varieties grown in Kenya are Hass and Fuerte.


Macadamia nuts are among the most expensive nuts in the world, making them a profitable crop for farmers in Kenya. The crop is mostly grown in central Kenya, especially in Murang’a and Nyeri counties. The nuts are in high demand in the local and international markets, especially in the United States, Europe, and Asia. The crop requires well-drained soils and moderate rainfall, making it ideal for the central highlands of Kenya.

French Beans

French beans are a popular export crop in Kenya, with a high demand in the European market. The crop is easy to grow and requires minimal maintenance, making it ideal for small-scale farmers. French beans are mostly grown in the Mount Kenya region, but can also be grown in other regions with well-drained soils and moderate rainfall.


Mangoes are among the most popular fruits in Kenya, with a high demand in both the local and international markets. The country produces various varieties of mangoes, including Apple, Ngowe, Tommy Atkins, and Kent. Mango farming requires well-drained soils and moderate rainfall, making it suitable for various regions in Kenya. Mangoes can be sold fresh or processed into products such as juice, jam, and dried mangoes.

Greenhouse farming

Greenhouse farming has become popular in Kenya due to its high profitability and suitability for various crops. With a greenhouse, farmers can grow crops throughout the year, regardless of the prevailing weather conditions. The most profitable crops for greenhouse farming include tomatoes, capsicum, cucumber, and strawberries.


Kenyan farmers have various options when it comes to profitable crops to grow in 2023. While the above crops have proven to be profitable, farmers should also consider their region’s climatic conditions, soil type, and market demand when choosing what to grow. Additionally, it’s crucial to use quality inputs, adopt modern farming practices, and engage in value addition to increase profits. By doing so, farmers in Kenya can maximize their profits and contribute to the country’s economic growth.

Joseph Boit
Show full profile Joseph Boit

Joseph is a social entrepreneur with a curious mind and a love for farming. Big dreamer and a technology enthusiast.

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